Famous Carthaginians
Phoenician Encyclopedia
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The material on this page is from the most comprehensive Web resource on the life of Hannibal Barca and the Punic Wars between Rome and Carthage compiled by Hilary Gowen.

Left: The images of the man and woman on the gold graphic were taken from Carthaginian coins

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Estimated dates of birth and death BC
Key roles
Himilco of Lilybaeum


Valiant defender of Lilybaeum 254-249 during the First Punic War
Adherbal the Admiral


Commander of Carthaginian fleet who won mastery of the seas for Carthage in 251-250 (First Punic War)He was in command at least until 249 BC (Drepana)
Hamilcar Barca

b275-272 d225

The Thunderbolt. Father to Hannibal. Enemy of Hanno. died near Helche
Hanno the Great


Enemy of the Barcids. General in the Mercenary war.
Hasdrubal the Handsome


Son-in-law of Hamilcar Barca. Assasinated by a Spanish patriot. Accused of attempting to establish a dynasty in Spain.
Maharbal son of Himilco


Cavalry commander and lieutenant of Hannibal. Probably not the son of Himilco of Lilybaeum.
Hanno "The Rab"


Conservative politician, who convinced Carthage to trust Rome's mercy prior to the start of 3PW
Hasdrubal "The Boetarch"


Leader of Carthaginian army during 3PW.
Hannibal "The Rhodian"


"famous" blockade runner during the 1PW due to his speedy ships -cheated repeatedly the Roman naval blockade to Lylibeon


While not actually Carthaginian, he certainly helped them. He was a Greek mercenary general (Spartan, I believe) that trained Carthaginian troops during the First Punic War and supposedly led them in a battle near Tunis, where they routed the Roman expeditionary force under Regulus in 255
Carthalo (General/Admiral)


General/admiral who recaptured Agrigentum in 255-54, relieved Drepana in 254 and then co-operated with Adherbal after the battle of Drepana in 249 in keeping the sea power for Carthage. His manouvres between Lylibeo and Pachynus caused severe damages to two Roman fleets (burning and capturing ships in the West, relenting the navigation and exposing the Romans to a storm in the east). After that he operated on land near Eryx where he recaptured the fortified place of Akellos with 800 Romans among which the Consul Iunius Pullus! He was still in Sicily when Hamilkar Barka arrived and then misteriously disappeared around 248-246?? as Adherbal had already done before.
Hasdrubal (General)

295- 245/-240

commander in chief of the Carthaginians in Africa against Regulus before and at the Bagradas Battle of 255 BC (Xanthippus was the trainer/planner but the Carthaginians certainly did not let him have the official leadership of the battle!) can be accounted. He was sent to Sicily but did not take advantage of the momentarily upperhand for Carthage, laft Panormus undefended and then was beaten by the Romans under its walls!! Contrarily to Adherbal and Carthalo, he was the typical product of the Carthaginian tradition of "wait and see, they will get tired!"


Commanded at Lylibeo after Himilko, being as brave as his predecessor, he correctly sent the Mercs back in small groups. Father of Hasdrubal Gisgo. killed by the Mercs, commanded at Lylibeum in the last years of war(and thus we should assume Himilko died or was dismissed). Certainly a capable commander we can guess he was close to Hamilkar and was probably father to Hasdrubal Gisgo who lost at .
Hasdrubal Gisgo


probably son of Gisgo of Lylibeon and slightly older to the Barkas brothers, was preferred to them for commanding in Spain. Repeatedly beaten by Scipio (llipa and Great Plains)


accompanied Hannibal in Italy
Mago Saunites


commanded the Bruttium area and guided the cavalry ambush at Herdonea 212 BC,father to Hamilkar Saunites
Hamilcar Saunites (son of Mago S.?) probably son of Mago S. he was leader of the demos


leader with Carthalo the Boetarch of the democratic party some years after Hannibal departure while Hasdrubal the Kid was leader of the pro-Numidian party and Hanno the Rab that of the pro-Romans
Himilco Phameas


PW3 - led the cavalry (the 1st of them deserted to the Romans in 147after beating them several times and went to Rome after his defection )commander of the cavalry beated repeatedly the Romans in PW3 but changed side when he saw Carthage was doomed.


PW3 - led the cavalry
Hamilcar the general/ admiral


general at Agrigentum, then admiral at Ecnomus and possibly in Sicily again until was recalled to join Hasdrubal and Bostar against Regulus in Africa. His battleplan at Ecnomus was brilliant but executing it by oars was all another matter....


Commander of the HCav at Cannae (and at Trebbia), of him we have no subsequent news (AFAIK), but certainly one of the best officers of Hannibal's equipe. leader of the heavy cavalry at Trebia and Cannae, his triple charge there is still regarded as exceptiona Maybe he was some attendant to Hamilcar in Spain so he died of age or left Italy much sooner than 202 BC.
Bomilkar the admiral


belonging probably to the democratic party he took command after the Karts had already lost a couple of squadrons around Italy. Though never determinant he covered for a while the Sicilian invasion and then deliverd to Hannibal the only support ever directed to Italy before Hasdrubal Barka in 207 BC.


original from one of the other Phoenician cities of Africa, he bravely leaded the Numidians in Sicily until he deserted to the Romans because of the stupidity of the "aristocratic" Commander Hanno
Carthalo the Boetarch


guided the army in the exhausting border attritions with Masinissa
Hasdrubal Clitomacus


a Platonic philosopher, moved to Athens before 146, becoming the leader of the Platonic school. If Carthage had won the 2nd war it is possible he might have decide to remain in his city and become a political leader
Hasdrubal the Kid :


he led the pro-Massinissa party who hoped to unite the north Africa under the king and then re-Punicize the kingdom at his death (not a bad idea, actually!). His party was expelled from carthage before 149 BC
Hanno the lieutenant


probably relative to the Barkas, sometimes commanded separated corps of the Chartaginian army in Italy

Various sources.

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