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Conception of the Union in the Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch (1622-1672), by Mgr. Abdallah Raheb, Initials and Abbreviations, Sources and Bibliography
Conception of the Union in the Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch

Ελληνική Καθολική Εκκλησία Μελκίτη
by Abdallah Raheb, Beirut 1981
translated by Nicholas J. Samra

© Copyright

[Webmaster's note: This doctoral thesis is reproduced by kind permission of Mgr. Raheb. The material is copyright and may not be reproduced without permission from the author and translator.]

Image Image
Archmandrite Mgr. Abdallah RahebArchimandrite Abdallah Raheb,
Doctor of Theology,
Licentiate in Philosophy,
Diploma in German Letters,
Professor of Ecumenical Sciences at the University of Kaslik,
ex-Superior General of the Order of Saint Basil of Aleppo.

Table of Contents


Historical Context

Chapter I: A Questionable Patriarch in the Patriarchate of Antioch (1619-1628)

Chapter II: The Patriarchate of Antioch Under Ignatios III Atieh (1682- beginning of 1634)

  1. Synod of Ras-Baalbek (June 1628)
  2. Ignatios III and Rome
  3. Death of patriarch Ignatios III
  4. Latin Missionaries at Work

Chapter III: From Metropolitan (1612-1634) to Patriarch (8 months) Karmeh First Martyr of the Union of Antioch With Rome

  1. Meletios Karmeh: Metropolitan of Aleppo (February 1612-April 1634)
  2. Euthymios II Karmeh, Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch (May 1, 1634-January 1, 1635)
  3. Patriarch Karmeh Martyr of the Union
  4. The Latin Missionaries at Work

Chapter IV: The Patriarchate of Antioch Under Euthymios III, Originally from Chios (1635-1647)

  1. A Timid Patriarch
  2. Beginning of a Roman Crusade in the Patriarchate of Antioch

Chapter V: The Patriarchate of Antioch On the Way to Catholicization Under Macarios III Zaim (1647-1672)

  1. The “Zaim” Macarios III of Aleppo
  2. Macarios III and the Orthodox World (1647-1660)
  3. Macarios III and His Ecumenical Mission (1661-1672)
  4. The Greeks of Antioch on the Way to Catholicization under Macarios III

Chapter VI: Antiochian Conception of the Union According to the Studied Accounts (This chapter will be the subject of another part)

  1. Place of the Council of Florence in These Transactions
  2. Privileged Place of Rome
  3. Autonomy of Antioch and Inter-Orthodox Collegiality
  4. Living the Union in Collaboration with Local Visibly Separated Churches
  5. Possibility of Being in Communion with Rome without Breaking with its Orthodox Brothers


Initials and Abbreviations
Sources and Bibliography
Endnotes: 1-300 and 301-515
This whole thesis is available for downloading as a single file Adobe Acrobat file (PDF). To download please click this link: Orthodox Antioch Union (676 KB).

Initials and Abbreviatins

AAS = Acta Apostolicae Sedis, Rome 1909 ff.
Acta = Cf. Unpublished Sources.
Al-Maçarrat = Arabic Review of the Greek Melkite Catholic Patriarchate, Harissa 1910 ff.
Al-Machreq = Arabic Review of the University of St. Joseph in Beirut 1898 ff.
Bacha, Voyage = Cf. Published Sources.
Bessarione = Bessarione, Rome 1901 – 1923.
Besson = J. Besson, La Syrie et la Terre Sainte au XVII siècle, Poitiers-Paris 1862. (The first edition of 1660 has the title: La Syrie sainte).
BZ = Byzantinische Zeitschrift, Leipzig 1892 ff.
Collectio Lacensis = Cf. Published Sources.
Collectanea = Cf. Published Sources.
Congr. = General Congregation of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith.
CP = Cf. Unpublished Sources.
CSCO = Cf. Published Sources.
DAFC = Dictionnaire Apologétique de la Foi Catholique, Paris 1909 – 1931.
DDC = Dictionnaire de Droit Canonique, Paris 1935 ff.
De Martinis = Published Sources.
DHGE = Dictionnaire d’Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastique, Paris 192 ff.
DThC = Dictionnaire de Théologie Catholique, Paris 1903 – 1950.
EO = Echos d’Orient, Kadlikoy-Bucarest-Paris, 1897 – 1942.
ERM = Encyclopédie Religieuse et Morale (in Greek), I-XII, Athens 1963 – 1968.
Fondo di Vienna = Cf. Unpublished Sources.
Grumel, Chronologie = V. Grumel, Traité d’études Byzantines, I (Chronologie), Paris 1958.
Kilzi = Cf. Published Sources.
Kimmel = Cf. Published Sources.
Le Quien = M. Le Quien, Oriens Christianus, II, Paris 1740 (Nouveau triage anastatique: Ganz 1958).
Le Lien = Bulletin of the Greek-Melkite Catholic Patriarchate beginning in 1968 (before this date it was al-Maçarrat).
LThK = Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche (2nd edition), Freiburg, 1957 – 1964.
Macarios of Aleppo = Published Sources.
Mansi = Cf. Published Sources.
Michalescu = Published Sources.
Musset = H. Musset, Histoire du Christianisme spécialement en Orient, vol. II, Jerusalem 1948.
Nasrallah, Chronologie = J. Nasrallah, Chronologie des Patriarcats Melchites d’Antioche de 1500 à 1634, Paris 1959.
Nasrallah, Notes et Documents = Cf. Published Sources.
NRTh = Nouvelle Revue Théologique, Tournai-Paris.
OC = Orientalia Christiana, Rome 1923 – 1934.
OCA = Orientalia Christiana Analecta, Rome 1935 ff.
OCP = Orientalia Christiana Periodica, Rome 1935 ff.
PG = Migne, Patrologiae cursus completes, Greek series, Paris-Montrogne 1856 – 1866.
PL = Migne, Patroligiae cursus completes, Latin series, Paris-Montrogne 1844 – 1864.
PO = Graffin-Nau, Patrologia Orientalis, Paris 1930 ff.
POC = Proche-Orient Chrétien, Jerusalem 1951 ff.
Rabbath = Cf. Published Sources.
Radu = Cf. Published Sources.
REB = Revue des Etudes Byzantines, Paris.
REG = Revue des Etudes Grecques, Paris.
RO = Roma e l’Oriente, Rome 1910 – 1921.
ROC = Revue de l’Orient Chrétien, Paris 1895 – 1946.
RThL = Revue Théologique de Louvain, Louvain 1970 ff.
Rustum = Rustum, Asad (Historian of the Apostolic Throne of Antioch, died in June1965),The Church of the City of God, Great Antioch (I Arabic), vol. III (1453-1928), Beirut not dated (surely after 1960, cf. p. 378 of this volume).
SC = Cf. Unpublished Sources.
SOCG = Cf. Unpublished Sources.

Sources and Bibliography

I. Sources

1) Unpublished: (What directly or indirectly concerns the Greeks of Antioch in the Archives of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith).

  • Acta = Acts of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith: volumes: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, (vol. 40 has two books), 41, 42, 43.
  • CP = Congregazioni particolari: volumes 20, 21, 30, 48.
  • Fondo di Vienna = vol. 32 (1661-1679).
  • SC = Scritture Riferite nei Congressi: Greci Melchiti, 6 Miscellanee; Greci, vol. 1 (1622-1700); vol. 2 (1701-1736); Maroniti, Miscellanea vol. IV.
  • Scritture non riferite dal 1622 a tutto 1707, Maroniti.
  • SOCG = Scritture Originali Riferite nelle Congregazioni Generali: volumes 59, 62, 64, 99, 103, 104, 106, 107, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120m 121, 122, 123, 128, 130, 135, 147, 149, 150, 151, 153, 156, 159, 162, 163, 166, 167, 168, 170, 171, 174, 175, 177, 180, 181, 195, 196, 197, 210, 221, 222, 225, 235, 238, 240, 253, 263, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 277, 282, 284, 291, 293, 361, 363, 370, 379, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 394, 395, 396, 307, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417.

2) Published:

  • Bacha, Voyage = C. Bacha, Extract from the Travels of Patriarch Macarios the Aleppian (in Arabic), Harissa 1912.
  • Collectio Lacensis = Acta et decreta Sancorum Conciliorum Recentiorum, Collectio Lacensis, Frigurgi Br., 1870 ff.
  • Collectanea = Collectanea Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 2 volumes, Rome 1907.
  • CSCO = Corpus scriptorium christianorum orientalium, Catholic University of America and Université Catholique, Louvain 1952 ff.
  • De Martinis = R. De Martinis, Juris Pontificii de Propaganda Fide, Second part, Rome 1909.
  • Golubovich = Golubovich G., Bibliotheca Bio-Bibliografica della Terra Santa e dell’Oriente Francescano, Series I, vol. II, Quaracchi 1913.
  • Febuve N. = (Capuchin John Baptist of St. Aignan or was he John Lefebvre who in 1671 transmitted the letters of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith to the Capuchins of Aleppo, cf. Acta, vol. 41, fol. 28r) Théâtre de la Turquie, Paris 1682. (T. Jock in his book, Chouérites et Jésuites, Central falls 1939, p. 9, says that it was Capuchin Father Justinien of Tours).
  • Kilzi = L. Kilzi, Life of the Patriarch of Antioch Euthymios Karmeh the Hawawite written by his disciple Patriarch Macarios of Aleppo (in Arabic: according to Manuscript No. 24 of Deir esh-Shir, Lebanon) in Al-Maçarrat 1913, pp. 41-47; 81-89; 137-144.
  • Kimmel = E.J. Kimmel, Monumenta Fidei Ecclesiae Orientalis, 2 vols., Jena 1850.
  • Macarios of Aleppo = Macarios III Zaim (Patriarch of Antioch from 1647 to 1672), Small Collection (in Arabic: Magmu’ Latif), 1637. This is a unique manuscript found at Deir esh-Shir (Lebanon) of which chapter 104 (pp. 619-633) of the manuscript was published by J. Nasrallah in: Chronologie des Patriarches Melchites d’Antioche de 1500 à 1634, Paris 1959, pp. 75-81.
  • Mansi = J. Mansi, Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova et Amplissima Collectio, vols. 46 and 37.
  • Michalcessu = J. Michalecscu, Die Bekenntnisse und die wichtigsten Glaubenszeugnisse der griech. — orient. Kirche, Leipzig 1904.
  • Nasrallah, Notes et Documents = J. Nasrallah, Notes et Documents pour servir à l’histoire du Patriarcat Melchite d’Antioche, Jerusalem 1965.
  • Rabbath = A. Rabbath, Documents inédits pour servir à l’histoire du christianisme en Orient, 2 vols., Paris 1905-1910.
  • Radu = B. Radu, Travels of Patriarch Macarios of Antioch, in PO, XXII (1930), pp. 3-18 (= introduction, Paris December 29, 1926) and pp. 19-200; XXIV (1933), pp. 442-604; XXVI (1945), pp. 603-720.
    This Arabic text published with a French translation is that of Manuscript 6016 of the National Library of Paris, collated with that of the British Museum (No. 802-805) and that of the Asiatic Museum of Leningrad (No. 33) of the year 1700.
  • — Vat. Arab. 48, 401, 618, 679, 689, 1339 (in part).
  • — Vat. Lat. 5528 (in part).
  • — Vat., Epist. ad princip., vol. 64 (in part).

II. Bibliography

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