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Since 40,000 years, therere five different sub-species, as product of the genetics evolution pursued by each group:
2.- DINARICS: More than 60% in the Balkans and North of Italy,30% in Check Rep., Slovakia, Austria and Ukraine.
3.- ALPINES. More than 60% in Luxembourg, Hungary and Switzerland.
4.- LADOGANS: Represented by the natives of Russia
5.- NORTHERN: Represented on the British Islands, Scandinavia, Holland and Belgium more than 60% in Germany, Switzerland, Poland, Finland and Baltics Countries, 55% in Austria and Russia.
6.- ARMENIODS: More than 60% in Armenia,15% in Syria, Lebanon and North of % in Western Jews (Ashkenazim)
7.- TURANOIDS: Hybridised with Mongoloids, more than 60% of Kazakhstan, % in Hungary and Turkey.
8.- IRANO-AFGANOIDS: More than 60% in Iran and Afghanistan, 40% in Iraq and 15 % in Turkey.
9.- INDICUS: Represented in Pakistan and North of India.
10.- DRAVIDICS: Represented in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka.
CAUCASOIDS: THE WHITE RACE
The named white race or Caucasoid is compounded by four main sub-races: Armenian, Northern, Western Mediterranean and Lapped. The origin of the groups derived such as Alpine or Dinarics, etc. is the mixture between those main branches.
So the source of the race Caucasoid begun at the of the Glacial Era and in the beginning of Mesolithic Era.
RACIALS CHARACTERISTIC IN GENERAL
Alpine: Theyre brachicephalics, with rounded face. In the western the cranium is low, while in the eastern is high.
ARABOIDS: Dolycocephalics, cranium low, eye orbit inclined, narrow and inclined front, is different of iberoid race because has specific facial dashes: rhomboid face. Eyes of almonds colour, "Semitic smile" (conditioned by a deep canine pit).This race in former epochs was a sub-race formed of the Syrian, common between the farmer of the Fertile Crescent. Today is typical of the Jews.
NORTHERN: Light eyes like the hair, low and dolycocephalic cranium, thin, with a narrowish face equal to the nose.
ARMENIANS: Brachycephalics, with the same form of head than the dinarics but with a longer nose. Abundant hair down in body and in the face,very high noses root, convex, with depressed.
The difference between Armenians and Dinarics is the following: in the Armenians it is presented Iranian-afghan race that provides Mediterranean, brachycephalized by their mixtue with the Alpine.
ATLANTHO-MEDITERRANEAN: High, right nose, dolycocephalics
DINARICS: Very tall, brown, high head and brachycephalic, very long face, long and more or less inclined nose, similar to people from Near East. Plain occipital . Short arms
IBERIOIDS: Dolycocephalics with low cranium, dark skin and lows. Narrow face. Horizontal orbit.
IRANOIDS: High head and dolycocephalic, long and thin face. Very influenced by the race .Abundant black or dark brown, curly, hair down in the body and beard, brown eyes. The nose ever is high and prominent, their profile sometimes is right almost convex, the depressed and low declined with moderate density and strong curvature in the wing.
LAPOIDS: Lows, high cranium and dolycocephalic, broad face, very little jaw-bone and small nose.
MEDITERRANEANS SOUTHERN AND EASTERN: Very similar to the Iberiods but with high head.
NORICS: Brachycephalics, blonds, plain occipital, were northern that were brachycephalized by the Dinarics.
Figure 1: Scando-northern racial type
" 2: Faelish racial type
" 3: Western Mediterranean racial type
" 4: Dinaric racial type
" 5: Eastern Baltic racial type
" 6: Eastern Alpine racial type
" 8: Eastern Mediterranean racial type
" 9: Armenian or Armeniod racial type
Figure 10: Araboid racial type
figure 7 is blank it should be (I think) the Iranoids
GENERAL RACIAL CHARECTERISTICS OF THE SYRIAN
The Syrian region (It includes the Republic of Lebanon and Arabic Republic of Syria) is divided anthropometrically in four regions:
Lebanon, Alawite, Damas, Homs-Hama-Alep
Syrians and Armenians have higher trunk compared to the total height
Homs-Hams-Aleppo have the largest torso among the Syrians
All Syrians have short longitude, Lebanon and Alawite have the lowest values
All Syrians re hipsicephalics
Large-height heads index
All Syrians re metriocephalics. Lebanon and Alawite have lower and larger head than Damacus and Homs-Hama-Aleppo.
This sign is different in Armenians and Syrians. Damacus has the narrowest face while Alawite has the largest.
The Syrians have a moderated long face. The northern part of Syria has higher values than the southern.
MINIMUM FRONTAL DIAMETER
Homs-Hama-Aleppo has the narrowest value, while Lebanon the
Homs-Hama-Aleppo has a very long nose. The other three regions dont have any differences among them. The Armenians have the longest nose, even H-H-A. Generally the Syrians have very long noses such as the region of Balkans, Minor Asia and the Caucasus.
The diameter between the nostrils is moderated in Syrians, but Homs - Hama - Aleppo has the narrowest value while the Armenians the widest.
Syrians and Armenians re leptorhines, Homs - Hama - Aleppo hiperleptorhine.
METRIC ANALYSIS CONCLUSIONS
Lebanon and Alawite dont have any differences. Lebanon as Alawite has more differences with Homs-Hama- Aleppo than with Damacus
Lebanon and Alawite are distinguished from Damacus, because the first has a trunk large trunk, narrow face, short nose and narrow mandible.
Lebanon and Alawite re different from Homs - Hama - Aleppo, because the later is taller, has a higher head, low frontal diameter, very long face, narrow nose and wider mandible.
H-H-.Aleppo is characterised of Damacus because the first are higher,have a wider thorax, shorter and narrower head, long and tight face, long and narrow nose.
Respect to the homogeneity of regions, we could said:
Damacus is larger than H-H- Aleppois larger than Lebanon and equal to Alawite.
SYRIANS AND ARMENIANS COMPARED
Armenians shown more relation with Lebanon and Alawite than with Damacus and H - H- Aleppo. The difference between Armenians and Lebanon-Alawite, is that the first has absolute long measures (except from the height and heads height)
The difference between the Armenians and the other regions is founded in that the latter have narrow head, tight and short face, narrower mandible and narrower nose, the latter is shorter. Theyre also more dolycocephalics and akrocephalics.
The variance between Armenians and H-H-Aleppo is that the latter are higher, with narrower head and face, tight and shorter nose, more dolycocephalics and akrocephalics, leptoprosopics and leptorhines.
All the values are in percent (%)
The Armenians have a very high % respect to the depression in the point of the nose, they re considered as
A convex profile is predominant between Syrians and Armenians specially in H-H-Aleppo. Armenians have a very high root. The bridge is elevated in all. The outline is generally for both right or convex.
Depression 55med 69med. 52sbmed. 58me 74subme
(related with nose)
Armenians have lower forehead than Syrians, but both have a wide forehead. The inclined forehead is practically absent in 52% of Syrians and 21% of Armenians.
Inclination Lebanon Alawite Damacus H-H-A. Ar
Absent 65 22 42 12 21
Middle 30 56 57 87 60
Pronounced 4 20 - - 19
The occipital in Syrians is very little developmed and the Armenians have the lowest. That implies the posterior part of the cranium is plain in nearly 100% of Syrians and Armenians.
The malar (is a bone note of G.E) of Armenians is prominent while in the Syrians is subnormal. Because of the bizigomatic diameter is bigger in the Armenians. The bigonial angle is very prominent in Armenians and moderated in all Syrians. The chin (a bone of the mandible) is prominent in Syrians and Armenians.
Leb Alawite Damacus H-H-A- Arm.
Submed 45 26 36 35 8
Middle 52 46 57 64 45
Pronounced 2.5 26 5 - 45
Submid 18 15 15 17 3
Middle 59 64 57 64 46
Pronounc 22 20 26 17 50
In Syrians the lobule is middle or pronounced in size and developed, while in Armenians is shorter. It is free in 71% of Syrians an 77% of Armenians.
MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS CONCLUSSIONS
Therere strong similitude between Lebanon in one hand and Alawite and Damacus and H-H-A in the other, thus we may classify a coastal region and a hinterland region. Lebanon shown the least number of differences with Syria in total, while Alawite has more. H-H-A is the most divergent of the groups with the total of the pattern (Syria in this case).Damacus is in the middle of Lebanon+Alawite and H-H-A.
General Analysis (physically) of Armenians
The type Armeniod has a distinguish characteristic that hasnt any other group of the sub-specie Caucasoid: the depression in the noses point, presented in the 67.32% of the Armenians.
The " Ultra-Armenoid " has these characteristic
Hairs style wavy
" texture medium-thick
Whistler quantity moderate - pronounced
Quantity of hair
in the cheek " "
Quantity of hair
in low maxillary moderate-pronounced
Colour of hair in head black - dark brown
" " " " beard " " "
Eyes colour clear brown - dark
Eye-brow thickness moderate-pronounced
Frontal inclination " "
Nasions depression " "
Height of noses root " "
Size " " bridge " "
Height " " " " "
Thickness of noses point " "
Elevation " " " horizontal or depressed
Malar prominence moderate-pronounced
Gonial angle " "
Occipital levelled present
Occipital protrusion little or absent
Noses profile right - convex
Heads length .181.78
" size .159.83
Cephalic index .88
Heads height .123.2
Bizigomatic diameter 145
Faces height .126.6
Facial index 86.94
Noses height 60.61
" size 33.90
Nasal index 64.60
Bigonial diameter 111.30
GENERAL ANALYSIS OF SYRIAN MATERIAL
The Armenians in absolute measures have higher values than the Syrians, but with reference to the index theyre equal (the difference is 0.88%)
The Syrians re taller than the Armenians, the hair in the head is more abundant, they have clear beards with high frequency but blacks are common, many have faded or waved hair with thin texture, more frequently dark brown eyes than clear brown, a deep depression in the nasion of the noses bridge is lower but larger, the profile is the same, more frequency in noses with elevated point of root and larger nasal walls. The forehead is wider more common in Armenians as well as the inclination. Armenians have more pronounced malars and less occipital protrusion, the Armeniod element is the basic compound of the Syrian population. The total Syrian suite share 12 important Armeniods character (remember the "ultra armeniod" should have the 25 )
Colour of heads hair
Noses root: height and large
" bridge: " " "
Noses point: Thickness and elevation
23,4% of all Syrians have these 12 armenoid characteristics. Thus, Syrians with these distinctive are appointed as "Syrian- Armeniods". The rest of the Syrians dont belong to this designation, the differences are the following: less brachicephalics, taller, less leptorhines.
Total Syrians Syrians
PROVINCES WITH MAIN REPRESENTATION OF EACH
RACIAL ANTHROPOLOGY AS ETHNIC GROUPS OF
THE NEAR EAST
Note: the regions are the following: Beirut, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Palmyra, Turkmens region, Jabal Nusairiyyeh, Nablus, Petra. Respect to the Muslims were consider the no Bedouins, only.
Their habitat goes from the east of Homs to the Euphrates river. Their head is high and dolycocephalic. Foreheads and faces are narrow. They have homogeneity. The Araboid and Mediterranean races have something of mixture between Nordic and Iranoids. In comparison to Muslims, the nose is identical, both are Mediterranean, but Muslims have a strong Armeniod type.Bedouins have affinity with Turkmen, but the difference with the first is that they havent got any Iranoid elements.
The cranium is mesocephalic and high. Their forehead is narrow like the internal margin of the eyes and inclined as the Armeniod type. The face s height is more than in the Bedouins. Theyre leptoprosopics and almost mesorrhines. Theyre more brachycephalics than the Bedouins and the distance between their eyes is bigger. The vertex position is more posterior and the face is bigger and longer, alike the nose. If they have dark brown eyes, they are more Araboid Mediterranean, while the clearer eyes are more brachycephalic, thus it means, a presence of Nordic and Armeniod.
The Armeniod characteristic is evident in the nose, the shape of the head and in the initial part of the face and the Nordics dash along the face and the light eyes. In the Muslims the race Araboid-Mediterranean is predominant and in second place the Armenoid comes with a Nordic adulteration. Muslims are more dolycocephalics than the Orthodox Greeks, have a higher head, similar to the bizigamtic diameter, more leptoprosopics and less leptorhines, hence, the Orthodox Greeks are more Armeniods than the Araboids.. Maronites and Syrians, vary from Muslims in the great proportion of Armeniod elements that the first hold.
Expressed in Percent
They re distinguished, by abundant and extensive beard, distributed on the upper part of the jaw-bone. 37% of this group has clear eyes. The nose is convex and the depression in the point isnt predominant, but the ultra-curved nostril is common. The cranium is mesocephalic, very inclined Armenoid type with vertex nearly the occipital. Are diversifies hisicephalics and akrocephalics, mainly leptroprosopics and leptorhines. The basis element is the Iranoid is evident in the big nasality, the great height of cranium and the facial longitude. Nordic presence is accentuated in the lepthorrinity and leptoprosopism. The second important element is the Atlantic - Mediterranean, in the third is the Armeniod. They vary very much from the Maronites, Nusayries and Druzes because all of them are hiperbrachycephalics consequence of the Armeniod element.
Samaritans also have some relation with Bedouins, Muslims and Turkish, since in the last the Araboid element is predominant.
Quantities expressed in percentages (note of G.E)
Dark brown hair 39.00
Eyes " brown 34.00
" " hazelnut 0.18
" " grey 0.80
" " blue 19.00
Pale skin 76.00
Inter-ocular diameter 30.00
Samaritans Turkish Maronites Nusayries Druzes
Forehead 104 105 105 106 107
Diameter 132 136 137 139 140
Facial height 124 120 119 124 120
Cephalic 78 75 85 86 85
Nasal Index 67 66 72 65 71
The nose s point is ascendant and the nasal s pit is marked, so, the Armeniod characteristic of the nose is absent. The cranium is dolycocephalic, with a very projected occipital. They hold some mongoloid features. The basic element is the Araboid and second ones are the Armenoids and Nordic.
Quantities expressed in percentages (note of G.E.) except Inter-ocular index.
Black hair 68.00
Eyes brown 58.00
" grey 10.00
yellowish skin 47.00
Inter-ocular diameter 0.32
Their skin is moderated dark for the region. The cranium is hiperbrachycephalic absolutely very high and in relation to longitude and large. They re not broad in forehead and face, but these dimensions are greater than in Samaritans, Bedouins and Turkish. The forehead is narrow if we think of the wide face but the face is tight related to the bi-parietal length. Theyre mesoprosopics with a big leptoprosopic inclination. Noses are not very long and with moderate size, mesorhine type. The ears are big. The dominant element is Armeniod, the evidence is the brachycephalic the faces wide, mesoprosopism and the low frequency of nasal appendix. Second is the Iranoid. Third has somewhat of mixture with Mediterranean, Nordics or Eastern Baltic. It has a extreme relation with druzes, but those re more Armeniods hence their big bizigomatic diameter. The Nusayries have more Iranoid elements thus they have longer and narrow heads, tight and short face and mesorrhine nose. Orthodox Greeks are less brachycephalics, the head is lower, the forehead is narrow, the higher and with little wider, that s a consequence of the strong presence of Mediterranean element in Orthodox Greeks.
Quantities in percentage except Inter-ocular Index
Hair dark brown 52.00
Eyes brown 42.00
" hazelnut 16.00
" grey 16.00
" blue 6.00
Skin clear brown 42.00
Skin coppery 38.00
Inter-ocular diameter 31.00
Maronites Druzes Nusayries Orthodox
Forehead 105.00 107.00 106.00 105.00
Diameter 137. 00 141.00 139.00 137.00
Height 119. 00 121.00 124.00 119.00
Index 85.00 85.00 87.00 83.0
Index 72.00 71.00 65.00 67.0
Syrians Armenians Alawitetas
Forehead 107.00 108.00 110.00
Diameter 139.00 143.00 135.00
Height 123.00 128.00 122.00
Facial 85.00 86.00 84.00
Index 63.00 64.00 65.00
The cranium is high and hiperbrachycephalic. In the face they re mesoporsopics in the direction of europrosopics. Long noses and not very big, mesorrhines and nearly leptorrhines. With brown eyes re very Armeniods.They have elements of Eastern Baltic and Nordics. Such as the Maronites the main element is Armeniod. The Nusairiyyeh re different because they re more brachycephalics. with narrower foreheads and faces, long face like the nose. Greeks Orthodox, Syrians and Armenians have not relation to the Druzes. The Greeks Orthodox are more Mediterranean than Druzes, while Syrians are more Armeniods
Inter-ocular diameter 33
Bizigomatic diameter 0.141
Facial height 0.120
Cephalic index 0.85
Nasal Index 0.71
These quantities are expressed in percentages (note of G.E)
Brown eyes 59.00
Green " 2. 00
Olive " 0.20
Grey " 0.20
Blue " 15.00
Light brown skin 98.00
The main part has clear eyes. The skin is very light for the region. The Nordic race is very important. The forehead is very high, the nose narrow in the root and wide in the basis and the profile is right convex with the point depressed.
The cranium is hiperbrachycephalus ultra-armeniod type, is omitted the narrower in the bi-parietal region characteristic of Iranoids. The inter-ocular diameter is close, the facial height is very big, very lepthotrosopic. The nose is long and with moderate size, lepthorrhine Armeniod type in length but not in the width. Frequently they havent the depressed manner of the nasal point and convexity. Faces havent got the Armeniod size, we could say that Nusairiyyeh are a mixture of races that shaped a different form, consistent.The main component is Armeniod and less than the Iranoid, something of Araboid and Nordic.
Except Inter-ocular diameter these quantities are expressed in percentages (note of G.E)
Hair dark brown 55.00
Brown eyes 40.00
Hazel nut " 20.00
Grey " 0.80
Blue " 12.00
Sky blue " 8.00
Pale skin 88.00
Inter-ocular diameter 0.310
Their cranium is high and brachycephalic, but not alike Maronites, Nusairiyyeh and Druzes. The Mediterranean element is evident in the tendency to dolycocephly. The face is narrow and their nose too. The Armeniod element is predominant, that is evident in the big size of the cranium and his height in excess, also the height of the face, the noses longitude and wide dimension. Nordics, Eastern Baltic and Iranoids elements are present but in a less measure.
Muslims are more Mediterranean than Orthodox Greeks, those are more Armeniods and Iranoids. Syrians and Armenians have high forehead and bizigomatic diameter. Thus, Orthodox Greeks have more relation to Syrians than Armenians
Except Inter-ocular diameter these quantities re in percentages (note of G.E.)
Inter-ocular diameter 0.31 (sic. 31)
Dark brown hair 45.00
Brown eyes 0.54
Hazel nut " 18.00
Green " 0.10
Grey-green " "
Clear brown skin 42.00
Bedouins Nusairiyyieh Samaritans Muslims Orthodox
Put here to amplify the photographs
STUDY OF CHROMOSOME- Y
Frequencies in (%) of types of haploid in the chromosome - y
The Lebaneses are different from the other peoples of Middle East because they havent got the following haploid: 1Ha 1 c 1L. Those haploid is low in % in all peoples of Near East (except the 1Ha in Arabic Saudis ), thus the tendency in hold those three haploid is low between the peoples of Middle East.
Lebanese has more % of haploid Med (in comparison with the other haploid that they have) alike Druzes, Syrians, Palestines and Saudis. Hence, the haploid is more characteristic between the peoples of Middle East.
% Med Syrians > Palestines > Lebanese>Druzes> Saudis
% 4 S Lebanese > Palestines = Druzes > Syrians > Saudis
% 1 R Lebanese > Palestines = Saudis > Syrians > Druzes
Lebanese has coincidence with Yemenites Jews because they havent the haploid 1 Ha, like the Ethiopian Jews.
Roman Jews and Ethiopian Jews coincide becuase they havent the haploid 1c
They coincide because they dont hold the haploid 1L the Ethiopians
" " " " " 1 Ha nor 1c nor 1L the Ethiopians Jews
The haploid most characteristic between Jews is Med. All Jewish characterise in hold haploid Med and 4 S. The Ethiopian Jews are different from the others Jews because they dont have the haploid 1 c 1 D and 1 L present in the latter.
Any European coincide with the Lebanese because they dont have haploid 1 Ha 1 C and 1L. The haploid most characteristic in Europeans is 1 L, its not in Lebanese. The haploid is high in Europeans in comparison with another and this is present in Lebanese.
The North of Africa coincide with Lebanese in hasnt haploid 1 Ha. In North of Africa the haploid more common is 4 S.
Sub-Saharans has coincidence with Lebanese in hasnt haploid 1 Ha 1 C and 1 L. Any of those haploid are characteristic in those peoples.
In the Turks the haploid most common is Med but with a valour very low.
Sub-Saharans has coincidence with Lebanese in 100% they hasnt 1 Ha, 1 C nor 1 L.
Lebanese has a strong presence of gene ( in relation with genetic, a branch of Biological Sciences) Med (46%) is a characteristic of peoples of Middle East Jewish included and a mighty absence of haploid 1 Ha 1 C and 1 L (0%) characteristic alike in Druzes, Saudis, Yemenites Jews, Ethiopians Jews, North Africans and Sub-Saharans.
Jewish and Middle Eastern descend of a mixture of men that have had only 8 of total variations existent in the chromosome Y (4 S, 1R, Med, 1 Ha, 1 U, 1 C, 1 D, 1L)
Lebanese Med >4S >1R
Palestines Med >4S > 1L
Syrians Med > 4S > 1L = 1 D
Druzes Med > 4S = 1U
Saudis Med > 1U > 1D
Jews Med > 4S > 1L
Europeans 1L > 1R > 4S
Northern-Africans 4S > Med > others
In Near East all peoples hold: Med > 4S > "X", X is the dependant variable that determined the group.
Example: in Lebanese "X" = 1 R
Jewish has coincidence with Palestines, Syrians, Lebanese and Druzes
Med. Common in Mediterranean and Europe
4 S common in Ethiopia arrived to Near East by means of Nile river
See genealogy three of haploid forward
FREQUENCIES % TYPES OF HAPLOID IN CHROMOSOME - Y
POPULATION N 4S 1R Med 1Ha 1 U
Jewish 336 20 5 36 5 8
Ashkenazi 115 24 12 31 2 3
Romans 44 16 --- 45 5 7
Northern Africans 45 20 2 42 18 7
Near East 32 13 3 28 6 16
Curds 50 8 4 44 6 18
Yemenites 30 17 -- 43 -- 7
Ethiopians 20 45 -- 10 -- 7
no Jewish 230 15 5 50 4 10
Palestines 73 19 5 51 3 7
Syrians 91 10 3 57 3 8
Lebanese 24 29 13 46 -- 4
Druzes 21 19 -- 38 19 19
Saudis 21 5 5 33 5 24
Europeans 337 15 16 11 6 2
Northern Africans 137 50 1 26 -- 4
SuhSaharan Africans 199 6 -- 1 -- 1
Turks 98 6 12 26 9 12
Lemba 34 6 6 26 32
POPULATION 1 C 1 D 1 L OTHER
Jewish 7 5 10 4
Ashkenazi 4 9 10 3
Romans -- 5 20 2
Northern Africans 4 4 2 --
Near East 31 ---- 3 --
Curds 8 4 8 --
Yemenites 10 3 17 3
no Jewish 2 6 6 3
Palestines 1 8 5
Syrians 1 9 9 --
Lebanese -- 4 -- 4
Druzes 5 -- -- --
Saudis 5 19 -- 5
EUROPEANS 1 11 37 1
North Africans 1 1 4 12
Sub-Saharan Africans -- -- -- 93
Turks 3 5 20 6
Lemba -- -- -- 29
Solely shown the haploid common in Jewish population
Discord between Groups
EUR /NAF 26.50%
Results are indicatives that religion is the most useful to predict the genetic affi
nit than geographic location. Example NAF Jews = EUR Jews
GENETIC AFFINITIES BETWEEN GROUPS
Sub-Saharans, North Africans and Europeans form three different groups.
Jewish population: Ashkenaz, Romans, North Africans, Near Eastern, Curds and Yemenites are a compact group between the groups of North Africa and Europe. The Jewish group is dispersed in the population of Syria and Palestine, while Saudis, Lebanese and Druzes rounded.
Inner the Jewish population, the Ashkenazis are more related with Greeks and Turks. The Ethiopian Jews are practically with Ethiopians.
Multidimensional scale of populations based in haploid of Chromosome - Y.
Triangles represents the Jewish population, quadrates to Near East and circles all the rest of populations considered
GENEALOGIC TREE OF HAPLOID
In all the world 19 types of chromosome Y exist. Below is shown the genealogical tree of 19 haploid -As we can see in the Graphic 2 the haploid Med was formed circa 20000 years and is descendent of 1 R formed since 60000 years and it still exists l . He has brothers such as the 1 Ha and the ancestor of 1 U 1 C 1 L 1 D.
All begun 140000 years ago
Med MEA Jewish and no Jews
1 Ha Druzes and Jews of NAF
1 U Saudis, Asiatic
1 C Jews of Near East, Asiatic
1 L Romans Jews, Europeans and Turks
1 D Saudis, Europeans
Med also is distributed between the Mediterranean and Europe and a cause may be that it was transported by the Phoenicians and the diffusion of Neolithic agriculture.
4 S was formed in NAF and expanded to East through Nile River and Europe
1 U and 1 C are common in Asiatic
Genealogical tree in the time for 19 haploid of chromosome - y. Each event mutant in one of the 18 places of portion no re-combining of chromosome - y is represented by a point (polymorphism of only one nucleonic ) or a quadrate (a little insertion/suppression).
The mutational ages (in 1000 year or 10 to third potent) are indicated in the y axis.
The haploid definite for mutational event are on the x axis.
COMMON DISEASES IN LEBANESE POPULATION
A mutation of the gene that codify for the receptor of lipoprotein with low density
produce a protein receptor that hasnt three components. Thats produced because a nucleonic made a premature cord of termination, strike out the protein residues.
Three Lebanese patients and one Syrian (all with hipercholesterolemic -high level of cholesterol in blood) has this modification in the gene.
Called Lebanese allele ( it is a concept related to genetic ) is the guilty of the high index of high level of cholesterol in Lebanon.
BLINDNESS IN CHILDREN
In a 77% of Lebanese blind children, has a genetic motive.
The marriage between consanguinity relatives, is a determinant factor.
MORE FREQUENT DISEASES
Lebanon has a big incidence of genetic diseases common and, rarest for the diversity of ethnic groups and the high level of consanguinity marriages in certain communities.
A research demonstrate that the Lebaneses genetic structure is Caucasoid (Although with some Oriental dash detected).
The following genetic diseases were surveyed (some of these were characteristic of certain ethnic groups and other should be by the regional geographic (sic)
GENE that codifIES for Protein C3
With endonucleasas (enzymes with capacity to decipher the genetic structure
of individuals is detected a high frequency of fragment SAC1 and a low fre
quency of TAQ1.
Theres a mutation called Delta8nt solely present in Maronite Community that
produces deficiency of one enzyme which motive hyperplasia adrenal
This ill is too frequent in Lebanese population, was detected in MARONITES
migrant who lives in Cyprus
In Lebanon a mutation of gene CFTR is common and causes the high frequency
of fibrosis cystic in the people.
FIBROSIS CYSTIC IN EUROPE
The mutation G542X is the second in Europe after DF508 that produces fibrosis cystic.
The frequency in the mutation of the gene G542X producer of fibrosis cystic, vary between the populations groups of Europe, is most common in the South West than in the North East. The places with high values of G542X correspond
to the old sites once occupied by Phoenicians in Western, hence this mutation
is named "Phoenician Mutation".
180,000 years ago the Homo Sapiens was born in the Sub-Saharan region and
only 20,000 years later distributed towards Southwest Asia, lately in 40,000 BC were dispersed in Europe. That moment was the start of the own genetic evolution of each sub-specie thus formed the five sub-species existent until nowadays.
As we may see in the maps, in the Near East region the following sub-
groups of sub-specie Caucasoid (white race) is distributed
In the Lebanese region Armeniods, Dinarics and
Mediterranean Dinarized elements are present, the Araboid element is absent thus it may us classify to
main part of Lebanese as "Syrians Armenoids". A region united to Lebanon in a
geographic and historical point of view is Syrian coast wider in early times all the region was unified under the name of "Cannaneanss country".
In all Near East different ethnic groups generally exist accompanied by the sub-specie that they belong and Lebanon isnt an exception. The "religious pertinence"
is an essential element for codified ethnic groups.
In Christians communities the element "Syrian Armenia" is characteristic, while in the Muslims add an strong presence of Araboid element. This suggest that the history such as was counted happened.
To element "Syrian Armeniod" belongs to the Canaanites (aboriginal inhabitants of Lebanon) and in the VII AD Century one part resisted the Arab invaders and one part mixed with them. The first were the Christians. Today, the Christians come from the old Canaanites and the Muslims come from the same but with additional mixture with Arabs.
The genetic studies of Chromosome - Y do not contradict with the anthropometric measures. The haploid Med (characteristic of Near East population) was made 20,000 years ago and its expanded even in Saudis, suggest that is was formed lately and this is an evolution of the mixture of Armeniods and Araboids, its the main element because Med in Syrians / Lebanese / Palestines / Druzes > Saudis.
But the genetic evolution continues in each population, as we may see in the high frequency of hypercholesterolemic in Lebanon by the mutation of Lebanese Allele (or Allelum) respect to religious pertinence we could see that there are characteristics gene belonging to each community and generally grouped isolated one from each other, is evident in certain diseases present in determined groups.
Finally, demonstrated the genetic continuous from the Phoenician times to nowadays in the Lebanese we should see the high values of fibrosis cystic (caused by the specific Phoenician mutation) and of haploid Med highly distributed in Lebanon and in places were inhabited by Phoenicians
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